The second edition of Tigers of the World explores tiger biology, ecology, conservation, management, and the science and technology that make this possible. In 1988 when the first edition was published, tiger conservation was still in its infancy, and two decades later there has been a revolution not only in what is known, but how information about tigers is obtained and disseminated. In the fast changing world of conservation there is a great need to summarize the vast and current state-of-the-art, to put this into historical perspective, and to speculate in what yet remains to be done.Tigers of the World, 2nd Edition fulfills this need by bringing together in a unique way the worlda??s leading tiger experts into one volume. Despite the challenges ahead, there are bright spots in this story, and lessons aplenty not only for tiger specialists but large carnivore specialists, conservation biologists, wildlife managers, natural resource policy makers, and most importantly the caring public.It is through broad public understanding and support a?? in Asia, North America, and Europe a?? that will have the greatest impact on tigers over the long term. With this in mind, the book is novel in its presentation of information using images, indigenous art and poetry, anecdotes, maps and other images to engage and inform. Side bars and text boxes focus on important concepts and debates and help to balance different perspectives and opinions. There is no other book which equally benefits both the scientific and general audiences. *Comprehensive look at the past twenty years from the world's leading tiger experts on the biology, politics, and conservation of this species.*Discusses that latest and vast methods used to disseminate and obtain information needed for conservation and care of this species.*Excellent opportunity for upper-level and graduate courses in conservation biology, wildlife management, and veterinary programs.*The world's leading tiger experts review recent advances and debates in tiger genetics and ecology, research methods, management and policy, poaching and trade, captive breeding and farming, conservation, and the status of Asia's last wild tigers.
Ecological preferences and population status of the New Guinean palm Sommieria leucophylla in Salawati island were documented at six different sites, covering a wide range of habitat types. The population of S. leucophylla in this island appears to be one of the largest populations occurred in the region, implying the conservation significance. Population sizes were dominated by young plants, indicating a growing population. The stem height class distribution showed a preponderance of individuals in the juvenile stage class and a strong right hand skew typical of populations in which recruitment and mortality were continuous and density dependent, rather than episodic. The palm preferred specific habitat types, where river bank and intact forest became the most suitable habitat. The species seemed to be sensitive to disturbance and changes in water table leading to a narrow ecological tolerance. Mortality was higher among the early stages and there was only very little recruitment in disturbed site and even no recruitment in converted forest. To conserve the most important remaining populations of the endemic palm, it is crucial to protect the most suitable sites in the reserve.
Mbunya Francis Nkemnyi holds a Master of Science degree in Advance Studies in Human Ecology from the Vlije University Brussel, Belgium. He was born and raised in the South West Region of Cameroon, where he studied and obtained his Bachelor of Sciences degree in Botany from the University of Buea in 2007. He immediately opted to practice conservation biology with the Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) Cameroon and has been actively involved in the conservation of great apes in the Lebialem-Mone Forest Landscape, Western Cameroon since 2007. His interest and capabilities are in conservation program management, biological and socioeconomic surveys and environmental impact assessment. He has a special love for primate studies. His dream is to be one of the world famous conservationists through his research work.
Following in the footsteps of DK's bestselling adult title Animal, which sold in excess of 2 million copies, Animals: A Visual Encyclopedia reveals the wonders of the animal kingdom to a younger readership. Structured by animal group with separate entries for every notable type of animal, from ants and aardvarks to wasps and wallabies Fact files provide key information on behavior, distribution, diet, and conservation issues Action photography reveals wild animals interacting in their native habitats and puts natural behavior in context Highlights animals most likely to fire the imagination of young minds: the deadliest, the largest, the friendliest, the fastest, and the downright strangest
Integrated conservation has gained ground as pertinent means to preserving some of the world's most endangered species. Bearing this in mind and implementing it as means of preemptive actions to increase management and conservation plan efficiency, while reducing collateral damage to non-focal species, this book researches the implications for the conservation of iconic creatures: crocodiles. Assuming that the more similar two species are, the more likely they are to compete, the book negotiates a natural state ratio between sympatric crocodilians using skull shape comparison. It presents a step-by-step process through the basics of taking photographs of skulls to the mathematics of theoretical ecology in order to define previously unconsidered applications of morphometrics within ecological conservation. Along the way, it also highlights landmarks of interest within crocodilian skull morphology and concerns with currently used conservation methods. The book was written for anyone actively involved in the conservation of crocodilians and those pursuing applicability within sciences.
The present study compared Sand Forest bird assemblages found in a communal land area with that of the Tembe Elephant Park, and determined the habitat preference and status of selected herbivore species within the Tembe Elephant Park in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The main purpose of the study was to compare Sand Forest bird assemblages found in the Tshanini Community Conservation Area, which is characterised by low levels of human utilisation, with that of the Tembe Elephant Park, which is characterised by wildlife utilisation. This approach was used to determine the biological importance of this communal land area in contributing towards the conservation of the rare Sand Forest habitat. The second purpose of the study was to identify possible competition between selected herbivore species within the Tembe Elephant Park and/or a decrease in numbers of rare species. It is important to protect a viable portion of the preferred habitat of every target species within a reserve, and to keep competition with rare species to a minimum for the long-term survival of the regional biodiversity.
Bennett: ?conservation? And Management Of Natural Resources In The United States
Tropical forests are well known for their rich biodiversity, contribution to global carbon stock and various ecosystem services they render to humanity and to wildlife. There are 16 major forest types in India ranging from dry tropical scrubs to montane wet temperate forest. Among them the tropical dry evergreen forest (TDEF) on the Coromandel Coast of India constitute one of the under-studied forest types. Yet various sites of TDEF have been subjected to different levels of anthropogenic disturbances ranging from pristine, relatively undisturbed to highly disturbed. This book is an attempt to fill up scientific gap in our knowledge on the biodiversity and ecology of this unique forest type, pooling our hardcore research data generated over 25 years on biodiversity and functional ecology aimed towards conservation of forests and valuable bio-resources they offer. In twenty chapters, this book covers a wide range of topics that include plant and animal diversity and their complex interactions, ecosystem services offered, including economic good services for human welfare. It concludes on the conservation need and future of this forest type under the changing environmental scenario.
Book DescriptionConservation and Restoration of Glass is an in-depth guide to the materials and practices required for the care and preservation of glass objects. It provides thorough coverage of both theoretical and practical aspects of glass conservation.This new edition of Newton and Davison's original book, Conservation of Glass, includes sections on the nature of glass, the historical development and technology of glassmaking, and the deterioration of glass. Professional conservators will welcome the inclusion of recommendations for examination and documentation. Incorporating treatment of both excavated glass and historic and decorative glass, the book provides the knowledge required by conservators and restorers and is invaluable for anyone with glass objects in their care.* Includes both theoretical background and practical procedures, providing a comprehensive view of the subject* Contains new highly illustrated case studies* Concentrates on 2 and 3 dimensional glass object restoration
As an obligate predator of large ungulates, the tiger (Panther tigris tigris) is an ideal umbrella species for protection of large tracts of forest. The current global tiger population is in precarious state since it is believed to compromise only 5% of what was there just a century ago and vanishing of tiger from as much as 40% of their habitat in just 10 years period. In Nepal, the distribution of tiger is limited to flat lands of Terai within fragmented pockets of PAs. While the protection outside PAs is out of reach, there is significant human pressure in the PAs. Nepal holds 55 of global tiger population with the number of 155 adult tiger. Shukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve is considered as one of the potential habitat for both tiger and prey density. Even in the area of 52km2, high ungulate biomass was observed. Reduction in pressure such as cattle grazing and human disturbance is required before ungulate and tiger can revive to their potential. More strict conservation measure is required from reserve side for long time survival of the species.
The jaguar’s population has declined rapidly due to deforestation and depletion of prey resulting from human development. Taking into consideration the importance of the propagation in captivity, for the preservation of endangered species, the jaguar’s reproduction in captivity must become an integral component in the conservation of this species. Captive populations of nondomestic felids are valuable educational, scientific, and genetic resources that can be used to support the conservation of wild cats. Assisted reproduction is becoming an increasingly important tool in the conservation and genetic management. The goals of this study were to determine the influence of vitamins and minerals supplementation on the quality of jaguar semen; to evaluate the fertility of frozen jaguar sperm and its capacitation in Tyrod’s Talp PVA medium after semen cryopreservation using the hamster zona-free oocyte penetration assay; to evaluate the percentage and morphology of spermatogenic cells; to evaluate the efficiency of testicular ultrasonography in the selection of males for assisted reproductive management plans to support the conservation of jaguars in captivity.
The Chinese Alligator – Ecology, Behavior, Conservation, and Culture
Antelopes in Ethiopia are facing increasing challenges posed by anthropogenic pressures emanating from habitat destruction for human settlements, agricultural land expansion, livestock rearing, and illegal killings or poaching. As a result some of the antelope species were categorized as Endangered, while many as Threatened. These wildlife species, including the endemic Mountain Nyala are unique and valuable natural heritages that need to be protected and conserved for the coming generations. In Ethiopia, there are Laws and polices that are endorsed and meant to protect and conserve such species, but they are rarely materialized for various reasons. Hence, I recommend and dedicate this book for those who in one way or another dedicate their life for betterment of wildlife resources of the world, particularly endangered wild animals and antelopes of Ethiopia.
The lesser Himalayan zone and upper Gangetic plain of India is important area as this belt comprises both the Rajaji National Park and Corbett Tiger Reserve and connecting corridors. Readers of this book will be introduced to typical behaviours and ecological aspects of Asian elephants in the Rajaji National Park and its adjoining protected habitats. Chapter 5 contributes invaluable information some unusual behavioural responses of wild elephant, which will explores novel facts in front of readers and persuade them to think about. This document further highlights the man-elephant conflict in northern India, conservation threats and challenges to elephants and some recommendations regarding to minimization of this severe dilemma. This book will be of interest to all those interested in elephant research, wildlife sciences & conservation biology and also to those interested in nature, eco-tourism and related issues. This book will act as a milestone for protected area managers, zoo manager, those doing research on captive elephants, field directors and field range officers especially those are involved in elephant range countries.
The book focuses on the principles of environmental sciences in the context of Uganda.It outlines and explains the salient issues and problems for survival of plants,animals and the human population.It describes the current state of the natural resources and the conservation issues,problems and policy evolution processes.It demonstrates that modernity has generated many environmental problems.This requires analysis ,understanding of the issues and identify options for the future generations of Uganda. The issues of forests, energy demands and environmental devastation make environmental advocacy and education an imperative for sustainable development in Uganda. The book also includes chapters on basic research done in Uganda to try and generate relevant data for effective decision making regarding the environment. This gives a chance to the readers to interpret research results in the context of the problems and issues outlined in the book.It is a good source book for basic information and baseline data about the Uganda natural environment.It is also good for researchers,scientists and conservation agencies .