This book contains all advanced spectroscopic methods which are very very essential to identification of a chemical compound. This book will be useful to Master degree students of chemistry, food science, biochemistry etc. The content of this book is designed in such a way that it will be well suited to graduates and post graduate courses of all science disciplines. To carryout the analysis and identification of a new compound.
Water is a liquid of life, as there can be no life without water. Pure water is an animating fluid while polluted water is real curse for living being. According to a 2007 World Health Organization report,1.1 billion people lack access to an improved drinking water supply, 88% of the 4 billion annual cases of diarrheal are attributed to unsafe water and inadequate sanitation and hygiene, and 1.8 million people die from diarrheal diseases each year.
In this insightful and original book, Game Complete Analysis of Classic Economic Duopolies, David Carfi and Emanuele Perrone propose a game complete analysis of Cournot and Bertrand (symmetric and asymmetric) duopolies. Looking in more detail at the outline of the volume, Chapter 1 is an introductory chapter to the Complete Analysis of Differentiable Games, applied in the other four chapters. In Chapter 2 and 4, Carfi and Perrone deal with symmetric Cournot and Bertrand duopolies. The authors apply the Complete Analysis of Differentiable Games to the classic symmetric duopolies, an economic situation in which there are two firms producing the same commodity and selling it in the same market. In Chapter 3 and 5 the authors, again, apply the Complete Analysis of Differentiable Games and also some new algorithms, employing the software wxMaxima 11.04.0, in order to reach a total knowledge of the two classic duopolies, viewed as complex interactions between two competitive subjects, in two exemplar asymmetric cases. In conclusion, readers will find an interesting, original, sophisticated and surprising volume to read, about an evergreen and classic economic subject.
The last fifteen years have seen a surge in the development and use of modern quantitative methods in environmental and ecological data analysis. However, the available literature focus on only a few aspects of the methodology and leave out some of the important ones. This book provides a comprehensive account of both established and new techniques of multivariate data analysis appropriate to the study of environmental and ecological problems. This book is prepared using a recently most popular Programming Language called R, which is an open-source statistical environment. The choice of R for this purpose is influenced by the fact that it is powerful, free and the graphics capability is unparalleled. The book is a result of research, testing and successive refinements of methods and approaches. This comprehensive and flexible treatment of the most important multivariate data analysis techniques will be of great value to graduate students and professional researchers in ecology, agriculture, forestry and environmental management, and to statisticians and mathematicians working with ecological and environmental problems.
The worldwide use of volatile organic compounds and halogenated organic compounds is estimated to be more than 30 billion pounds per year. Organic halides, especially, chlorofluorocarbons, polychloroethenes, polychloroethanes, and polychloromethanes form one of the main groups of environmental pollutants present in the soils and underground waters of many industrial sites. The contamination due to these pollutants is particularly dangerous in view of their toxicity and carcinogenic character. Among several strategies, electrochemical methods are efficient for the analysis of electron transfer-bond breaking problems in view of simplicity, ease of experimentation, and possible generalizations. The monograph starts with a brief account on the theoretical principles involved in the reductive cleavage of carbon-halogen bonds and the main experimental methods used in the analysis, viz. cyclic voltammetry and convolution potential sweep voltammetry. Other chapters describe the application of above principles and methods in evaluating thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of the reactions.
Sustainable crop production through balanced nutrition is the need of the hour. Judicious use of natural resources viz. soil and water is a must through different techniques viz. soil test based fertilization, green manuring, biofertilizers etc. and these techniques must be reached to the farmer opf the region through different training programmes and by conducting onfarm experiments. We are aware that for increasing the food production to fulfill the food requirements of the burgeoning population of the country sustainability of agriculture and environmental safety are the priority issues. To avoid wastage of precious national resource and to minimize the environmental damage there is need develop and demonstrate balanced use of chemical fertilizer. Soil testing is a tool which helps us to quantify the different fertilizers based on the crop need and soil supply. But correct technique for soil sampling is equally important which further provide us correct information regarding soil nutrient supplying capacity and hence soil health.
Chemical Analysis of Moringa oleifera (Lam), Detarium microcarpum (Guill and Perr) and Bauhinia monandra (Kurz) Seeds for Nutrient and Antinutrient Factors, is a book on a research carried out on the seeds of these three plants in order to address the problem of food security among developing countries. The research looked at alternative ways of solving the problem of malnutrition by seeking for common sources of nutrient that could be available to rural dwellers, especially those that could not afford the cost of animal proteins and therefore, depend solely on carbohydrates diets. The book is therefore recommended for both under graduates and post-graduates students of Biochemistry, Chemistry, Food chemistry, Biology and Food science and Technology. It is also recommended for students of Colleges of Educations and polytechnics.
Environmental Immunochemical Analysis Detection of Pesticides and Other Chemicals,
It is our misssion to disseminate authentic, scientific, authoritative, updated knowledge and information about all aspects of synthetic drugs and pharmaceuticals to pharmacy and health care educational institute, drug industries, regulatory agencies, research & development units. The purpose of this book is to provide the coverage of chemical methods of analysis, drug formulation amd evaluation of all students of UG and PG level in pharmacy and also for other faculties. it will be also useful for analytical chemists, quality control and research & develpoment chemists working in pharmaceutical industry.
The use of chemical pesticides that have swept through the country in the wake of the Green Revolution has created unprecedented negative economic and environmental impacts. Cotton farming is an important sector in the Indian economy and the increasing spate of suicides by farmers is creating panic in the country. In the case of cotton, which forms a large part of India’s exports, the international market is also shunning our cotton, as they contain large quantities of pesticides. The present study has made an attempt to study the economic and environmental benefits of using bio pesticides instead of chemical pesticides in cotton crop – taking 10 villages from 3 districts of Telangana, of Andhra Pradesh. The results show that chemical pesticides are less effective both economically and environmentally. Farms using chemical pesticides were found to have negative marginal product, were more expensive, and less profitable than bio-pesticide farms.
The marshes of Mesopotamia at the southern part of Iraq, the largest wetland in the middel east,represent a unique component of our global heritage. The area of marshes fluctuated between 15,000 to 20,000 square kilometers. The marshes cut across three Iraqi southern provinces: Misan,Dhi-Qar and Al-Basrah. The heartland of the marshes comprised three principal areas Al-Hammar, The Central and Al-Hawaizah marshes. During the last decades the Iraqi marshes subjected to many changes, these changes have great impact on marshes environmental and ecosystem. The goal of this book was to detect the environmental changes in Iraqi marshes that represented main land cover in the area for the period 1973-2004, using multi-temporal and multi-spectral satellite images. Landsat images have been used as a tool for detecting and studying land cover changes and its impact on the environment of Iraqi Marsh area.
Within the class of hard problems that the decision makers have to face we can surely consider those associated with both the analysis and the resolution of environmental conflicts with the aim of defining fair and shared solutions for all the involved decision makers and stakeholders. This book contains a detailed description of a particular manifold approach to the analysis and resolution of environmental conflicts as they are characterized in its opening chapters that define the overall framework. Within this framework we therefore present a certain number of models as well as a certain number of methods and procedures with an heavy descriptive value but also with some normative value. In this way we cover both auction and barter mechanisms as well as mechanisms for the formation and the interaction among coalitions. Moreover the book contains a wide enough collection of high level abstract procedures that can be used to analyze and resolve particular classes of environmental problems. The intended audience is composed of students and practitioners of System Dynamics and Environmental Modeling as well political decision makers involved in these fields.
The book seeks to present a panoramic view of Ecocriticism as a literary critical theory and its relationship with Feminism and Postcolonialism. Ecocriticism is a new critical approach which searches literary culture to examine how literary texts engage with the environment: landscapes, plants, animals, and natural resources. It analyzes works of art which raise a moral question about human behaviour towards nature. That is to say the principal core of this new critical approach is to examine how human interaction with the environment reflects the cultural, political and spiritual ethics. Besides it seeks to analyse thematically the four chosen ecofeminist novels. it is divided into four chapters. Chapter one is concerned with the rise of ecocriticism as a new critical approach. Chapter two is meant to show the interrelationships between ecocriticism and both feminism and postcolonialism. Chapter three tackles two econovels written by Barbara Kingsolver, and finally chapter four deals with Ruth Ozeki's two novels.
This book is specially design for final computer science students, having so many question like how to start the project, what to do in the project. This will help him in complete software development Process and student will get real time experience form this book. The main aims of this book is to Provide a complete resource to start a Final year project and also able to understand the step by step process of software development life cycle.