Historically, environmental regulations are considered to be detrimental to economic growth and their implementation has been controversial among economists and environmental policymakers. This book provides an in-depth analysis of the relationship between environmental regulations and economic growth. The analysis in this book systematically integrates economic theory of regional growth and spatial econometric modeling to develop appropriate policy recommendations for implementation of environmental regulations. A unique aspect of this book is that it identifies the spatial effects of environmental regulations and other local characteristics in regional economic growth. Research findings show that changes in population, income, and employment, including socio-economic and political forces influence the stringency of environmental regulations. The research findings and analysis reinforce the need to design and implement environmental regulations that stimulate economic growth and enhance environmental quality. Its rich insights make the book a useful source of information and standard reference for economists, policy analysts, and consultants.
Industrialization and anthropological activities has degenerated the environment considerably. This effect is more prominent in developing countries like India, where unperturbed deposition of waste has resulted in the accumulation of heavy metals in the water bodies surrounding these industries. These resulted in toxicity, which causes great threat to freshwater ecosystem and to human health in the long run. The study in this book focuses on these environmental spoilage by two specific heavy metals; Lead (Pb) and Zinc (Zn); which forms the by product of several industries. The level of these metals were measured in the polluted water and also from the tissue of an Indian major carp, (Cirrhinus mrigala), which survives in these water bodies. It was observed that the heavy metal pollution has generated a unique feature in these fishes. The Esterase (isozyme) polymorphism was observed due to the pollutants. Thus enzyme polymorphism can serve as an important parameter for establishing the adaptive ability of a genome to environmental stresses and fluctuations. Thus certain markers in fishes that survive in the eutrophic conditions can help to detect the status of a contaminated niche.
In view of the rapid increase in energy demand along with commensurate increase in emission of sulphur and nitrogen compounds to the atmosphere, it is of interest to examine the balance of acidifying and neutralizing components in both wet and dry precipitation. Acid rain undoubtedly became a key environmental issue now a day. It created much public and media interest as other major environmental issues like global warming and greenhouse gases. Acid rain affects human and animal health in many ways. Aggravated breathing and lung problems in children and adults having asthma have been linked to acidic precursor gases.Critical literature survey indicated that there is an increasing trend of acidification of precipitation in rainwater. Therefore, it is imperative that the long-term studies at the rural background station should continue to know the actual position in future. The only way to know the composition of precipitation is to analyze the wet deposits of a place for their physical and chemical characters. Keeping in view the above fact the present book reports the chemical composition of rainwater in a rural place of India.
This book contains 11 chapters. It includes the Environment, Heavy Metals and Toxicity, Bioremediation, Biosorption, Water Pollution Management, Environmental Biotechnology, Health Hazards of E-Waste Recycling, Sustainable Climate Change Protocol, Environmental Auditing, Role of PGPR in Cadmium Contaminated Soil, Microbial Profile of Rhizospheric Soil. All living-beings are immensely influenced by the surrounding around them. Since the surrounding in which they live is the environment, therefore each of the environmental element influences them. Intensification of agriculture and manufacturing industries has resulted in increased release of a wide range of xenobiotic compounds to the environment. Excess loading of hazardous waste has led to scarcity of clean water and disturbances of soil thus limiting crop production. The pollutants need to remove or reduce form the waste.
Due to exponential increase in the number of vehicles registered, presence of thermal power plants and industrial activities in Delhi, the pollution levels are higher making it very clear that the pollution levels are contributed by all these sources. Hence, a study of monitoring of ambient air quality at 4 sites of Delhi city due to above-mentioned sources was carried out in order to assess the impact of various sources on pollution levels in the month of October and November 2000. Pollutants namely SO2, NOx and SPM (FSP, RSP and TSP) were monitored at 4 different locations, namely, Okhla Industrial Area Phase-1, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, and Shakarpur (residential area) and Vasant Vihar Bus Depot (commercial area). It was tried to assess a possibility of conversion of SO2 and NOx to sulfates and nitrates respectively. Chemical and physical analysis was performed for the above-mentioned purposes. Chemical analysis was performed of soil, NRSP, PM10 and PM2.5. The parameters analyzed chemically were SO4, NO3, K, Na, Pb, Cd, Ni, PAHs, LOI, residue and soluble fraction. The parameters analyzed physically were d50 value, particle size distribution and particle shape.
Student Review Guide and Internet Companion to Accompany Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet, Third Edition
A bioindicator is an organism or biological response that reveals the presence of the pollutants by the accuracy of typical symptoms or measurable responses, and is therefore more qualitative. These organisms (or communities of organisms) deliver information on alterations in the environment or the quantity of environmental pollutants by changing in one of the following ways: physiologically, chemically or behaviorally. Hence the emphasis was given to gather information regarding these bioindicators. This book is the collection of that gathered information and it is divided in to various sub sections viz., Introduction, Bioindicator, Characteristics which make bee as a reliable ecological detector and Contaminants of bee products from environmental sources, Monitoring of Radioactive substances and pesticides in environment, Heavy metals in Environment, Honeybees & Landmines and Honey as a bioindicator for environmental pollution. The book is intended to be useful for graduate students of science, agricultural faculty, post graduate students of Entomology, etc.
Many studies have shown an association between environmental exposures and certain health conditions. A responsibility of many government agencies is to protect the health of the citizens from environmental pollutants, through the implementation of specific regulations. Estimates of the labor market impacts of these diseases constitute an important component of benefit estimation, for regulatory impact analyses of health and safety regulations. The main goal of this study is to show how specific adults’ and children’s health conditions potentially linked to environmental pollution exposure affect the labor market decisions of households in the United States. This study considers first, the direct effect of a married woman or married man’s health on their own labor market outcomes; second, the influence of a spouse’s health conditions on the other spouse’s labor market decisions; and third, the impact of a child’s chronic health condition on parents’ labor market outcomes. The findings of this study are of importance in informing national health policies, and more generally, in designing social programs.
This research was completed to examine the growing environmental concerns in the construction industry and in society as technological systems, such as manufactured products, become more prevalent in the built environment. As material resources continue to decline, it is our responsibility as decision makers to develop those processes that will enhance our sustainability in the world. Environmental value engineering (EVE) is a viable methodology that enhances the vision of environmental impact and accountability. Environmental value engineering (EVE) analysis can compare built environment alternatives, quantify material and component production and identify alternatives which would garner the greatest benefit in application while reducing the ecological and environmental impact on society.
This instructional tool provides step-by-step credit repair guidance for the potential home purchaser. The homeowner-to-be is advised not only how and where to locate his/her credit report, but also how to remove any blemishes from the report, whether they are the result of poor credit performance or due to credit reporting inaccuracies. The reader will also learn how mortgage lenders formulate their credit scoring systems to determine whether a prospect is creditworthy, and what his/her legal rights are under such scoring systems. A copy of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is included for the reader to review and use as a reference. The FCRA was designed to protect consumers against inaccurate and unfair descriptions of their credit history. Sample letters to credit bureaus and creditors are included also on a 3.5 floppy diskette for the reader to use as he/she follows the steps.
The Sarasota, Sanibel Island and Naples – A Complete Guide 3e
The Charleston, Savannah and Coastal Islands Book – A Complete Guide 4e
Career Paths: Environmental Engineering is a new educational resource for environmental engineering professionals who want to improve their English communication in a work environment. Incorporating career-specific vocabulary and contexts, each unit offers stepby-step instruction that immerses students in the four key language components: reading, listening, speaking and writing. Career Paths: Environmental Engineering addresses topics including aspects of environmental engineering such as ecosystems, irrigation, water treatment, air pollutants and career options.The series is organized into three levels of difficulty and offers a minimum of 400 vocabulary terms and phrases. Every unit includes a test of reading comprehension, vocabulary and listening skills and leads students through written and oral production.Included FeaturesA variety of realistic reading passagesCareer-specific dialogues45 reading and listening comprehension checksOver 400 vocabulary terms and phrasesGuided speaking and writing exercisesComplete glossary of terms and phrasesThe Teacher?s book contains a full answer key and audio scripts.The audio CDs contain all recorded material in American English and British English.Books 1-3 of Career Paths: Environmental Engineering are rated for the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages at A1, A2 and B1 respectively.
The wall paintings inside the ancient Egyptian tombs and temples are decorated with a chromatic palette contains pigments of a wide range of sources. The analytical investigations of the ancient painting materials bring us much information on developments in technologies of ancient cultures. For the conservation and restoration of wall paintings, it is indispensable to determine the structure, chemical composition and chromatic characteristics of the studied materials. The present analytical approach was devoted to investigate some Egyptian wall paintings belong to different chronological times and to diagnose the main weathering forms. Therefore, investigations were undertaken to gather mineralogical, spectroscopic, chemical and chromatic characteristics of the studied wall paintings. These measurements can therefore contribute to the answering of technical art historical questions, such as the deduction of the original appearance of the object, painting techniques, authenticity and the establishment of the chemical and physical conditions before conservation and restoration.